What is a  SCAD heart attack?

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD) is an uncommon emergency heart condition that occurs when a tear forms in one of the blood vessels in the heart, which causes a clot to form within the wall of the blood vessel. As the clot expands if blocks or slows blood flow to the heart, causing a heart attack, abnormalities in heart rhythm or sudden death.

SCAD often occurs in people who aren’t ‘typical’ heart attack patients– healthy & fit women (and much less commonly, men), who lead an active lifestyle and often have no family history of heart disease.

SCAD IS NOT WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT SCAD
SCAD is NOT caused by traditional risk factors such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity or physical inactivity. The cause/s of SCAD for many people is still unknown.
Heart condition requiring urgent treatment
Much more common in women than men
70% of cases occur in those aged under 50 years with the average age of sufferers between 45-52
20% of cases in women occurs during the end of pregnancy
Extreme physical activity or emotion stress has been associated with SCAD
Fibro muscular dysplasia (FMD) often occurs in association with SCAD, and can increase the risk of dissection or blockage of arteries outside the heart, such as those supplying blood to the kidneys or brain.
SCAD is the leading cause of heart attacks in women under 50 and in new mothers.

Regardless of your age, gender or fitness levels, if you or someone you know if suffering heart attack symptoms, call triple zero (000) immediately.

– Source: the Mayo Clinic

A major challenge in diagnosing a SCAD heart attack is getting health care practitioners to see beyond the young, seemingly healthy individual. If your GP or medical practitioner has not treated SCAD patients in the past, the latest best treatment practices are available on our website www.SCADResearch.com.au